Material and methods: In this study, 17 chicken samples colle

\n\nMaterial and methods: In this study, 17 chicken samples collected from a vendor operating in an informal settlement in the Cape Town Metropolitan area, South Africa were screened for antimicrobial-resistant Gram-negative

bacilli using the Kirby Bauer disk diffusion assay.\n\nResults: In total, six antibiotics Torin 2 concentration were screened: ampicillin, ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, nalidixic acid, tetracycline and trimethoprim. Surprisingly, Klebsiella ozaenae was identified in 96 and K. rhinoscleromatis in 6 (n = 102) of the samples tested. Interestingly, similar to 40% of the isolated Klebsiella spp. showed multiple resistance to at least three of the six antibiotics tested.\n\nConclusions: Klebsiella ozaenae and K. rhinoscleromatis cause clinical chronic rhinitis and are almost exclusively associated with people living in areas of poor hygiene.”
“Reinforcement of polyurethane-based shape memory polymer materials was investigated by adding hindered phenol compounds and silica particles.

According to dynamic mechanical analysis, these fillers had no effect on the glass transition temperature and the activation energy of soft segments, indicating that the fillers have no ability to influence the molecular mobility stress was increased primarily by addition of the hindered phenols rather than the silica particles, whereas Young’s modulus was enhanced by the silica particles rather than the hindered phenols. (C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 117: 1695-1702, 2010″
“Medial elbow pain is reported in 18% to 69% of baseball players aged of 9 and 19 years. This is due to the large valgus stresses focused on the medial side of the elbow during overhead activities. In overhead throwers and pitchers, pain can be attributed to valgus extension overload

with resultant posteromedial impingement, overuse of the flexor-pronator musculature resulting in medial epicondylitis, or occasional muscle tears or ruptures. The anconeus epitrochlearis is a known cause of cubital tunnel syndrome and has been postulated as a source of medial elbow pain in overhead athletes.\n\nThis article describes the cases of 3 right-handed baseball pitchers with persistent right-sided GSK923295 purchase medial elbow pain during throwing despite a prolonged period of rest, physical therapy, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Two patients had symptoms of cubital tunnel syndrome as diagnosed by electromyogram and nerve conduction studies and the presence of the anconeus epitrochlearis muscle per magnetic resonance imaging. All patients underwent isolated release of the anconeus muscle without ulnar nerve transposition and returned to their previous levels of activity.\n\nThe diagnosis and treatment of pitchers who present with medial-sided elbow pain can be complex. The differential should include an enlarged or inflamed anconeus epitrochlearis muscle as a possible cause. Conservative management should be the first modality.

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