Recognizing that not all physicians will be intimately familiar w

Recognizing that not all physicians will be intimately familiar with each rare condition, the informed patient may come to view themselves as an “expert consultant on syndrome X.” For their part, the physician faces the challenge of gauging the extent and accuracy of this patient’s medical knowledge and adapting the clinical encounter to the patient’s needs. If the

physician, operating under the Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical traditional models, refuses to acknowledge the medical information that this patient has acquired, both patient and physician will be frustrated in the encounter. Our model suggests some ways in which the clinical encounter can adapt to this new challenge. The first step is to assess the degree of autonomy, values, and information that that patient possesses. As indicated by the location of point “C” in Figure 3, the example patient has high autonomy, Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical modest values formation, and moderate medical knowledge. Thus, this patient will benefit from guidance in forming appropriate health-related values, which will be an important part of the clinical encounter. Ponatinib Additionally, the informed layperson will not have the benefit of a comprehensive medical education and will still need general medical care and counseling in the context of a rare condition, for example, the management of high

blood pressure (a common condition) in a patient with Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical Stiff-person syndrome (a rare condition). The physician can provide guidance about the use of specific websites that convey well-vetted and reliable information. Thus by assessing Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical the patient for levels of autonomy, values, and medical knowledge, the physician can more accurately calibrate their contributions to the interaction to better meet the needs of the patient. An example of someone entering the medical encounter with an extreme degree of medical knowledge

is the physician-as-patient (D in Figure 3). In the case of a physician seeking medical care, the discussion of medical Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical information is often brief, revolving around clarifying some points of detail or highlighting the very latest developments within a field. As a rule, the physician-as-patient expects to selleck inhibitor exercise a high degree of autonomy, and this can be quickly confirmed by the treating physician. What may be less certain is the capacity of the physician-as-patient to identify and apply their professionally held health-related Brefeldin_A values to their own medical condition. Sometimes it is especially difficult for a physician to shift into the role of patient. A focused effort on the part of the treating physician to acknowledge this difficulty and explore the extent to which health-related values are being properly applied can reduce feelings of isolation and distress. Minimizing patient distress is always important for genuine patient–physician interaction, because it is often only when a patient feels truly comfortable that the most critical concerns come to the surface.

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