Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the association
between 12-month persistence and patient or provider factors. ResultsOf the 789 newly diagnosed LUTS/BPH patients, 670 (84.9%) were included in the study. Twelve-month persistence for LUTS/BPH medication was 36.6%. Independent predictors of 12-month medication persistence included larger prostate volume, higher prostate specific antigen, having an adequate income and a good patient-doctor relationship. Important reasons for discontinuation were resolved symptoms (31.1%), no improvement in symptoms (23.7%) and adverse events (20.0%). ConclusionsAbout two-thirds of newly diagnosed selleckchem LUTS/BPH patients discontinued medications within 1year of starting treatment. We found several potential patient and provider factors associated with persistence, which could be exploited to increase continuation of treatment
in future clinical settings.”
“This study surveyed the Toxoplasma (T) gondii infection prevalence in the Korean rabbit population. Rabbits (n=142) were obtained from two breeding farms in the Gongju area, Chungnam Province, and in the Kochang area, Junbuk Province, Korea. Of 142 sera samples analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), 15 (10.6%) exhibited T gondii-specific IgG antibodies, and 1 (0.7%) rabbit harbored T gondii-specific IgM. Female rabbits LDN-193189 (9/84; 10.7%) had a similar T gondii prevalence to males (6/58; 10.3%). When stratified by age, rabbits aged bigger than 1 year had a similar prevalence of T. gondii infection (7/66; 10.6%) to rabbits aged smaller than 1 year (8/76; 10.5%). Immunoblotting detected 6 major antigenic bands corresponding to T gondii-positive sera at 20, 28, 30, 35, 63 and 77 kDa. Nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of whole-blood samples detected the T gondii B1 gene in 23 rabbits (16.2%). All PCR-positive samples corresponded to partial T gondii find more B1 gene sequences with 99% homology to a T gondii sequence deposited in GenBank (accession number
EU340874). Female rabbits (13/84; 15.5%) harbored a similar prevalence of T gondii DNA to males (10/58; 17.2%). Rabbits aged bigger than 1 year had a similar prevalence (12/66; 18.2%) of T. gondii infection to rabbits aged smaller than 1 year (11/76; 14.5%). No statistically significant differences were observed regarding the prevalences of infection according to sex or age using molecular or serological tests. This study is the first survey using serological tests and nested PCR to analyze the T gondii prevalence in rabbits in Korea.”
“Although studies have established that adding long-acting beta agonists (LABA) to inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) monotherapy among patients with inadequately controlled asthma is associated with better outcomes than increasing ICS dosage, outcomes with ICS versus fixed-dose ICS/LABA combination among patients with recent asthma exacerbation or frequent use of rescue medication are unavailable.