75, p < 0.05). When asked if PA impacted symptoms of inattention, responses were not equally distributed (X2 (2, n = 30 + 3) = 18.93, p < 0.05) and significantly more participants (62.5%) reported positive effects. Some sample responses include: “Simply seems better able to remain on task (perhaps by 25%) if she gets regular physical exercise.” “Positive. Able
to focus better…if focus wains then we have had him run around the block or do something physical and then come back to the work.” “Exercise or brief periods of activity during and after school allows him to be able to focus on his homework more easily…this PA seems to help AZD6244 solubility dmso him to control his body and focus easier in his classes. Three participants (6.3%) reported both positive and negative effects: “This is tough—as I described above, it’s both yes and no. Josh can have difficulty sustaining attention for games and needs engaged by a teacher or parent to stay focused, and yet I have seen that exercise INCB018424 clinical trial can also at times increase his ability to focus. A chi-square goodness-of-fit test revealed that the yes and no responses were not equally distributed (X2 (1, n = 52) = 5.45, p < 0.05) with a significantly greater percentage of participants reporting that PA impacted symptoms
broadly in some way (65.4%). When asked specifically about the effects of PA on symptoms of hyperactivity, the distribution of responses was significantly different from what would be expected due to chance (X2 (2, n = 29 + 3 + 2) = 38.63, p < 0.05) with a significantly larger percentage of participants reporting positive effects (55.8%). Participant responses included: “I believe it puts him at a and more level ‘playing field’ as other children.” “He becomes more neutral in his level of hyperactivity.”
“…seems to be an outlet for energy, better esteem.” “He is able to settle and focus better.” Three participants reported that PA negatively impacted hyperactivity. For example, “”A sport like soccer where it involves lots of running keeps his energy level up and makes him more likely to not be attentive and more likely to be excitable.”" Additionally, two participants reported both positive and negative effects such as “”Sometimes positive, sometimes negative. sometimes activity can make him MORE hyper…like he lost his breaks…most of the time though it is the opposite, he become less hyper.”" A chi-square goodness-of-fit test revealed participants equally reported that PA did or did not impact impulsivity (X2 (1, n = 54) = 3.63, p > 0.05). Among participants that reported that PA did impact impulsivity, a significantly greater number reported positive effects (29.6%) than negative (0), both positive and negative (7.4%) or no effects (63.0%), X2 (1, n = 16 + 4) = 7.20, p < 0.05. Examples of positive effects that were observed are: “He is more rational.” “He will settle down easier after activity.