In early December 2008, the patient with other friends ingested undercooked wild boar meat slices. A few days later, during Christmas and the New Year holidays, they consumed homemade dry meat made with pork from the wild boar. Two weeks later, the patient Lapatinib developed fever, generalized pain, abdominal distension, lack of appetite, and diarrhea. These symptoms continued for 10 days, then the fever ceased. Almost 30 days after ingestion of the infected meat, the patient developed generalized muscle pain, a nonitchy rash on his back, periorbital edema, and abdominal distension. Five days after returning to Switzerland,
he presented to our outpatient clinic. On examination, he was in relatively good health with an erythematous rash on the back, diffused pain, and tenderness of the muscles. Laboratory tests revealed eosinophilia (3,200/mL) and increased muscle enzyme (CK). Anti-Trichinella IgG (titer 113 U/mL, normal values <1 U/mL) were detected by a proprietary ELISA at the Institute of Parasitology of the University of Bern. Another sample collected 4 weeks later showed an increase of antibodies
to 170 U/mL, confirming the diagnosis of trichinellosis. The patient was treated with albendazole 400 mg b.i.d. for 14 days in combination Pexidartinib with prednisone 50 mg/d with a favorable outcome. Fourteen days after the beginning of the therapy, the patient was symptom free. In Bosnia, two persons who consumed pork from the same wild boar showed a similar symptomatology and trichinellosis was confirmed by serology (Bosnian Health Care System, personal communication). In Switzerland, Trichinella sp. infection has
not been documented in domestic pigs and wild boars in the last 50 years.3 A few cases of infection with Trichinella britovi have been reported among foxes and lynxes from the south of the country.4 Until 1976, human trichinellosis has been rarely documented in Switzerland.5 Lupinc describes a 34-year-old male of Bosnian origin who visited the Emergency Department of Zurich University Hospital on January 14, 2003. He complained of fever and generalized muscular pain. Laboratory tests revealed eosinophilia and an increase of liver enzymes. Trichinellosis was diagnosed by serology. Two others members of his family (a 31-year-old woman and a 12-year-old girl) developed generalized muscle pain, fever and eosinophilia. Trichinellosis Epothilone B (EPO906, Patupilone) was also confirmed in these cases. All these patients were treated with albendazole with a favorable outcome. The epidemiological research showed a cluster of cases that included other hospitalized patients with a similar symptomatology, who were treated in a health service of Bosnia. All infected persons had eaten smoked pork during holidays in Bosnia. No information is available on the species of the etiological agent; however, since T britovi and Trichinella spiralis are endemic in the region, they may have been the species involved in these cases.