, 2009). However, this successful use of NIR spectroscopy was restricted to fruits with homogeneous pulp and thin skin. Guthrie, Liebenberg, and Walsh (2006) obtained unsatisfactory results for melon fruit, similarly Guthrie and Walsh (1997) were not able to predict soluble solids content in pineapple. Lammertyn, Peirs, Baerdemaeker, and Nicolai (2000) pointed out that penetration of NIR radiation into fruit tissue is limited. For example, in apple, the penetration depth is up to 4 mm in the 700–900 nm range and between 2 and 3 mm in the 900–1900 nm range. In fact, in a later study, Nicolai and co-workers (2007) concluded that depending on
the uniformity of the fruit, the determination of quality attributes is difficult. To our knowledge, no
Neratinib in vivo attempt has been made to compare the efficiency of NIR, with the same methodology, for structurally different fruits. Thus, we describe in this paper the use of near-infrared spectroscopy, as a non-destructive method, to predict quality traits, more specifically, soluble solids and titratable acidity, in three structurally different intact fruits: passion fruit (thick skin), tomato (heterogeneous internal structure) and apricot (homogeneous pulp and thin skin). A total of 61 yellow passion fruits (Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa), selleck screening library in two different ripening stages (green–yellow and yellow) were harvested in 2011 in southern Brazil. For tomato, a total of 150 fruits of cultivar ‘Levovil’, in five different ripening stages (green, green–orange, orange–green, orange, red) were harvested
in 2008 from an experimental greenhouse of INRA (Institut de la Recherche Agronomique) located in Southern France. 116 apricot fruits from three cultivars, named ‘Bergeron’, ‘Iranien’ and ‘A4034’ were harvested at two different stages of ripening: yellow (unripe) and orange (ripe) in INRA experimental orchards (Amarine and Gotheron), in South of France, in 2010. Non-destructive measurements were performed on the day of picking for each fruit and conventional, destructive, measurements were carried out a few days later on frozen materials. Spectra were collected for all samples in reflectance mode 17-DMAG (Alvespimycin) HCl (log 1R−1) using a multi-purpose analyser (MPA) spectrometer (Bruker Optics). The instrument was equipped with an integrating sphere to provide diffuse reflectance measurements and a TE-InGaAs detector. The MPA was fully software-controlled (OPUS software Version 5.0, Bruker Optics). The NIR spectrum for each sample was obtained from an average of 32 scans. NIR spectra were acquired between 800 and 2700 nm at 2 nm spectral resolution, with a scanner velocity of 10 kHz and a background of 32 scans. The time required to achieve a spectral measurement was 30 s. Intact tomato and apricot fruits were placed on an automated 30-position sample wheel, each position corresponding to an 18 mm diameter hole.